Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2020, Page: 1-4
Anemia to Blood Donors at the National Blood Transfusion Center of Abidjan Cote D'Ivoire
Sekongo Yassongui Mamadou, Department of Training and Research, National Blood Transfusion Center, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Kabore Saydou, Laboratory of Quality Control, National Blood Transfusion Center, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Yao Kouadio Daniel, Quality Management System, National Blood Transfusion Center, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Dembele Bamory, Laboratory of Biology Qualification, National Blood Transfusion Center, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Konate Seidou, Director of the NBTC, National Blood Transfusion Center, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Dasse Sery Romuald, Head of Immunology-allergology Service, Hospitality and University Center of Cocody, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Received: Dec. 28, 2019;       Accepted: Jan. 6, 2020;       Published: Jan. 16, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ejcbs.20200601.11      View  232      Downloads  111
Abstract
Blood transfusion is an essential replacement therapy which many patients benefit from during various medical and surgical pathologies. However, transfusion therapy is associated with complications including the risk of iron deficiency anemia to blood donors in whom the pre-donation haemoglobin dosage is an important parameter of transfusion safety. This study therefore aims to determine the prevalence of anemia among blood donors at Côte d’Ivoire National Blood Transfusion Center. This prospective cross-sectional study took place from September 01 to October 31, 2015 at Abidjan National Blood Transfusion Center in Côte d’Ivoire and concerned 50 samples of regular blood donors excluded solely because of anemia out of a total of 1200 regular donors. After the consultation te excluded donor is then taken on an EDTA tube to perform an haemogram on an automated device and from a dry tube which will be used for the determination of ferritinemia. Statistical analyzes were carried out using Epi Info 6.04, Excel and the Chi-square test. The prevalence of anemia to our blood donor was 3.85%. The Hb level was significantly lower to women than men (p = 0.048) and more frequent anemia beyond 10 donations. The anemia was hypochromic microcytic to 31 donors (62%), hypochromic normocytic to 2 donors (4%), normochromic normocytic to 17 donors (34%). Martial assessment was performed to 31 donors and ferritin was lowered to 22 donors indicating the absence of an iron reserve. The prevalence of anemia to Côte d’Ivoire blood donors is 3.85%. Anemia to regular blood donors is mainly due to an iron deficiency. This deficiency is correlated with sex and the number of donations. Iron IV has been shown to be more effective than oral iron in the treatment of iron deficiency anemia in blood donors.
Keywords
Anemia, Blood Donors, National Blood Transfusion Center
To cite this article
Sekongo Yassongui Mamadou, Kabore Saydou, Yao Kouadio Daniel, Dembele Bamory, Konate Seidou, Dasse Sery Romuald, Anemia to Blood Donors at the National Blood Transfusion Center of Abidjan Cote D'Ivoire, European Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-4. doi: 10.11648/j.ejcbs.20200601.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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